The State picks up its name from the word Gujara, that means the land of the Gujjars. They ruled the area during the 700’s and 800’s. It is a state that is located in northwestern India on the border with Rajasthan and Pakistan in the north east and Madhya Pradesh in the east. The Arabian Sea also surrounds the state both to the south west and the west.
The history of Gujarat is a memorable one. This state comprises an significant part of Indian chronological texts.
The primary inhabits in Gujarat were Gujjars. They are the cultural group of Pakistan, India and Afghanistan. Primeval Gujarat was lined by the Maurya Dynasty. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya occupied a quantity of states in Gujarat while his grandson, King Ashoka unmitigated his area in Gujarat. After the fall of Maurya Empire, the Sakas forbade the region from A.D. 130 to 390. During the 300s and 400s, the region shaped a fraction of the Gupta Empire that in turn was thrived by the Maitraka Dynasty. Between the refuse of the Mauryan power and the upcoming of Saurashtra under the bend of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, there was a Greek night raid too into Gujarat.
Three regal races of Hindus consecutively ruled over, namely, the Solanki', Chawura, and Baghilah. The Chawura clan ruled one hundred and ninety-six years after that the control passed into the hands of the Solankhi clan. It was during the 900s that the Solanki Dynasty came to authority Under the Solanki Dynasty, Gujarat arrived at to its maximum extent. It is supposed that the Gujjars fit in to this Solanki Dynasty because the Paramaras, Pratiharas and the Solankis were regal Gujjars.
The Muslim law sustained for 400 years. Gujarat's Muslim director Zafar Khan Muzaffar declared his self-government and established the primary Muslim sultanate in Gujarat. He took benefit of the feeble rulers of Delhi. He affirmed independence and understood the title of Muzaffar Shah. His heir, Ahmed I, the primary independent Muslim monarch of Gujarat, establish Ahmedabad in 1411 on the banks of the Sabarmati River.
Sultanate of Gujarat stays independent till 1576 when the Mughal emperor Akbar occupied it and annexes it to the Mughal kingdom. The Mughal Emperor Akbar subjugated Malwa and Gujarat in 1570s. The Mughals feint for about 2 centuries till the band was ended by the Marathas in the middle of 18th century. Chhatrapati Shivaji was the enormous Maratha ruler that conquered Gujarat with his martial skill.
In 1600’s era the Dutch, English, French and Portuguese all recognized bases next to the shore of the region. The British East India Company recognized a plant in Surat in year of 1614. It also formed their primary bottom in India, but it was concealed by Bombay after the British obtained it from Portugal in year of 1668. The Company wrested power of much of Gujarat from the Marathas during the Second Anglo-Maratha War. Many restricted rulers, notably the Maratha Gaekwads of Baroda made a detach tranquility treaty with the British. They also acknowledged British sovereignty in revisit for preserving local self-rule.
Gujarat was located under the biased power of the Bombay Presidency with the exemption of Baroda state. From 1818 to 1947, mainly of current Gujarat, including Kutch, Kathiawar and northern and eastern Gujarat were separated into dozens of generous states. Even numerous districts in southern and central Gujarat such as Ahmedabad, Panch Mahals, Kaira and Surat were ruled unswervingly by British officials.
Post Independence and Politics
After achieving independence in year of 1947, the Indian National Congress party (INC) lined the Bombay state. Congress unremitting governed Gujarat after the state's formation in 1960. Gujarat has 14 diverse Chief Ministers since its development in 1960. Dr. Jivraj Narayan Mehta was the first Chief Minister of Indian National Congress. In 2001, Keshubhai Patel reconciled and give away power to the current Chief Minister Narendra Modi. The BJP keep hold of a majority in the year of 2002 election and Narendra Modi has since given out as Chief Minister of the state. He became the best ever serving Chief Minister of Gujarat.
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