A lot of monuments are created by one of the best kings of the Rajput Dynasty. The ancient monuments present in the state are the main tourist attraction in Rajasthan. People from all around the world visit Rajasthan to see the monuments and admire them.
From the forts to the Mansions or Haweli as they call it, to the beautiful heartwarming temples, Rajasthan has the monuments which are like a treasure to the state. They are treasures from the rulers of former times who put in their imagination and architectural ideas and made such magnificent buildings and forts.
All the monuments in Rajasthan have an essence of the Rajput pride and culture which is clearly evident. They have the richest of history and are an example of the Royal era of the state. They give the esthetic beauty of the monuments in the state which belonged to the Rajput kings.
The architecture of Rajasthan and their culture can be seen in the monuments. All kind of art lovers and the travelers have been visiting Rajasthan since ages. The major cities which are preferred by the tourists are Jaipur, Udaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Chittorgarh as they have the largest number of monuments of Rajasthan in them. Not just the big cities have a token of the culture which flows in the state in the form of the monuments, but the small cities too are rich with forts and palaces which attract the tourists. To gain the insight of the culture and the history of Rajasthan, these small towns should also be explored and developed. All the monuments in Rajasthan have their own great story behind it which is as rich as any other fort.
They are embedded with the art work and have architectural excellence of the Rajputs of those times. They reflect art, beauty, love, culture and pride. Most of the monuments in Rajasthan give you a Rajputana feeling while others have an effect of Mughals. The mirrors, cravings, paintings and portraits just add up to the beauty of the monuments and make it more wanted.
In spite of love and culture being depicted in the monuments, most of them were constructed for much serious work which was defense, religion and accommodation of the people. The monuments in Rajasthan will surely make you want to visit it again and be lost in the beauty of it.
Architecture of Monuments
There are a lot of monuments which are the attraction of the Rajasthan state. It includes the forts, dargahs and the temples. The Islamic architecture is much different from the Rajput architecture and there are a lot of monuments who are like a heritage of Rajasthan for their existence itself depicting the culture.
The indication of various cultures can be seen in these monuments. The royal past of the history of the Rajputs are represented by these monuments and play a very crucial role in the tourism of Rajasthan. The monuments not only depict the Rajput style but the Islamic and European styles are also there which make Rajasthan the best tourist spot.
Some of the Famous monuments of Rajasthan are:
Made of Red and pink stones, the Hawa Mahal is five storeys high and has a magnificent construction. It was made so that the Rajput ladies, who were in Pardah, could entertain themselves by looking out at the street without any stranger seeing them. It has nine hundred fifty three small windows along with the balconies which are carved beautifully.
Constructed by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, Jantar Mantar was constructed in the year 1728 and it is one of the five astronomical stations of India. It is located near the City Palace and the biggest stone observatory in the world which is in a proper working condition.
Constructued by Raja Man Singh I in 1592, Amber Fort is eleven kilometers away from the main city of Jaipur and is made of while marble and the red sandstone. There are a lot of attractions in this fort like the Jai Mandir, Sukh Niwas and Diwan-e-am.
Constructued in the desert area with the golden sand, the Jaisalmer Fort is very beautiful and has a lot of residential complexes for the security sources and the armies. There are a lot of Hawelies too who have their own different purpose. They were made by very skilled craftsmen and constructed the balconies, windows and the sculptures with great perfection.
There are a lot of other palaces and forts too apart from the ones mentioned above, they were constructed for residential and defense purposes. The most famous of them include Chittorgarh Fort, Kumbhalgarh Fort, City Palace of Jaipur and Udaipur, Junagarh Fort and more. These forts are worth remembering and a simple visit will take you back to it again.
Umaid Bhawan Palace (Jodhpur)
It is one of the greatest palaces to be built in India and it’s constructed started in the twentieth century near the Chittar hills of Jodhpur, it saw its completion after sixteen long years. It is named after Maharaja Umaid Sing and he appointed Henry Vaughan, the Edwardian architect to construct the palace as he was very much fascinated by the western lifestyle.
City Palace (Jaipur)
Built by Raja Sawai Raj Sing, the city palace is situated in the heart of the city. The extensions were made in the palace by the successive rulers and a part of it still resides the royal family of Jaipur. The museum and some other parts in the ground floor are left for the public viewing.
Chittorgarh Fort (Udaipur)
Situated one hundred fifty seven kilometers away from the main city of Udaipur, the Chittorgarh fort is one of the best examples of military fortifications and has seven entrances to it. The two main entrances are Ram pol and Suraj Pol. According to the legend, Bhim from the Pandavas started the construction of Chittorgarh fort and has several palaces inside it like Rana Kumbha Palace, and Rani Padmini Palace, Fateh Prakash Palace etc. It is said that the fort was never settled after Raja Udai Singh’s exile and takeover of the Mughals.
Junagarh Fort (Bikaner)
Built by Raja Rai Singh in the year 1593 AD, Junagarh fort is the only fort which is not constructed on a hill which makes it unique and is one of the most unconquerable forts of Rajasthan. There are two entrances in the fort, the Karan Pol and the Suraj Pol with which one can enter. The beauty of the fort is so spell binding that it will make you come back to it.
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