Jodhpur is a district in Rajasthan state of western India and it is also the administrative headquarter city of the district. Jodhpur is the 2nd largest city in Rajasthan as well and is one of most famous tourist attractions in India due to its rich culture, incredible forts, stunning palaces and sacred temples that all are set in the austere landscape of infamous Thar desert. Jodhpur is ranked 73rd at national level with a mere population of 3,685,681, as per census of 2011. The district is situated at a mean sea level of 300 meters and is located at 26.00°N 72.55°E. The Jodhpur city is widely known as Sun City and Blue City. The name Blue City is given due to the vibrant blue painted houses which are around the famous Mehrangarh Fort while the name Sun City (Surya City) due to the fine sunny weather that Jodhpur enjoys during entire year.
Jodhpur - The District
The district of Jodhpur is the 2nd most populated district in Rajasthan after Jaipur. As of year 2011, there are total 7 sub-divisions and 11 talukas and 2 sub-tehsils in the district. The 7 sub-divisions are as follows – Jodhpur sub-division, Luni sub-division, Bhopalgarh sub-division, Phalodi sub-division, Osian sub-division, Shergarh sub-division and Piparcity sub-division.
Land of Rajputs, Mughals and Marwaris
Jodhpur has numerous mentions in rich history of India as it was associated with many popular rulers. Thus, Jodhpur has always been known as land of Rajputs, Mughals and Marwaris, but best known as land of brave Rajputs. The famous Jodha Bai, the wife of Mughal king Akbar is supposed to belong to this city and this is the reason that this place got the name Jodhpur. Later on, this city became Mughal Empire’s fief which resulted in tremendous global exposure for Jodhpur as well as its people. Several new styles of architecture and art forms came to Jodhpur during this era. But during the era of 1901, this city became the central zone for tribe Marwaris, the famous tradesmen and till now is referred to as a land of Marwaris.
Forts & Palaces
Jodhpur is the land of world’s most incredible and remarkable forts and palaces which belong to earlier times of Rajas & Maharajas who ruled the lands of Rajasthan. The famous forts and palaces that are always there on a visitor's visit list include Umaid Bhawan Palace, Mehrangarh Fort, Jaswant Thada, Flying Fox fort and Ghanta Ghar. Another attractions of Jodhpur include stunning lakes and palaces. On the banks of these lakes lie some astonishingly beautiful architectural pieces like Sardar Samand Lake Palace, Balsamand Lake, Veer Durgadas Smarak, Masooria Hills, Bhim Bhirak Cave, Kaylana Lake and Garden.
Jodhpur is widely accredited and visited for Ossian ruins, an ancient city that lies almost 65 km from the city of Jodhpur. This city has numerous Jain as well as Brahmanical temples which belong to early 8th and 11th century. Infamous Sachiya temple and Sun temple are also a major attraction for the tourists. This town was once a huge trading centre and now is an oasis as well as house of abundance of beautiful wild peacocks.
Jodhpur is all surrounded by Thar Desert, the famous Great Indian Desert. This is undoubtedly a the core attraction for people visiting Rajasthan. Many Desert Safaris are provided by state government to the tourists.
Jodhpur is famous for its handicraft business which is actually the largest industry here. The handicrafts are famous not only in India but around the world. Jodhpur offers handicrafts in iron, wood as well as in camel bone too. There is a big variety of fabric shops here which are famous for selling hand block prints and 'bandhini' while the popular silver shops are widely accredited for jewellery with unique traditional designs. Antique shops are also a big hit here. Traditional footwear is a major attraction here in Jodhpur. The best areas and markets to look for these include - Sarafa bazar, Tripolia bazaar, Sojati Gate, Sardarpura Market and the well-known National Handloom shop.
Another important business here is of food. Jodhpuri cuisines are famous worldwide due to the unique and delicious taste that is mouthwatering. Sweets from here are exported not only at national level but also at international level.
Fairs & Festivals
Jodhpur has been famous for several fairs and festivals that are celebrated widely with utmost enthusiasm and excitement. These festivals are – Gangaur, Marwar festival, Baba Ramdev Pir Mela, Nag Panchmi fair, Teej, Sheetla Mata fair and many more. People from local and outside Rajasthan make a visit to these fairs and festivals to enjoy and take blessings as well.
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