Out of the 33 states of Rajasthan, Jaipur is the largest city and also the capital of the state of Rajasthan. For special historic and cultural reasons, this city is popularly known as the Pink City. Jaipur has always been a popular destinantion among tourists from all over the world due to the rich cultural heritage and tradition that it proudly showcases. The population of Jaipur is nearly 3.1 million and the local languages here are Hindi, Rajasthani and Punjabi. The latitudinal position of Jaipur on the globe is 26.92°N and 75.82°E and is located at an average elevation of 431m which is roughly about 1414 feet. It is one of the metropolitan cities and follows a democratic type of government. Jaipur being the tenth largest city in India is therefore a meeting point of various culture, tradition and ethnicity.
Jantar Mantar and Hawa Mahal form the two most famous tourist destinations. Another incredible feature of the city of Jaipur are it’s handicraft creations which include the famous ‘bandhni’ works, kundan jewellery and many more.
Jaipur- The City
Jaipur, as we all know is the largest city of Rajasthan and it has a background of remarkable history in terms of heritage, culture and tradition. It was established by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, the then ruler of Amber, in the year 1727. The city has thus been named after him. As history provides, the capital city of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh was initially Amber but later he realised that he needed to shift his capital as Amber due to water shortage in the city. Jaipur is one of the pre-modern cities of India due to its brilliant organization and planning of the city. The streets of the city are further divided into six sectors which are separated from each other by broader streets. Heritage monuments, buildings and gardens stand tall establishing its historical richness and the city is proud to showcase all of these to the entire world.
There are a number of forts and monuments in the city of Jaipur which attract tourists from various parts of the world. However, one of the major architectural interests of Jaipur has always been the Jantar Mantar. Jantar Mantar has a tremendous historical background. It is basically a collection of astronomical instruments in form of architecture. It was built by Sawai Jai Singh, the Mughal commander who served Aurangzeb and also many Mughal rulers after him. This observatory was modelled after the one he had built in Delhi. The Jantar Mantar in Jaipur is considered to be the largest observatory and has been well preserved till date.
The Central Park in Jaipur is one of the recent constructions initiated and developed by the Jaipur Development Authority. It is the largest park in the Pink City. As the name suggests, this park is located right at the heart of the city and consist of polo ground, golf club and lush green gardens. This place is perfect for relaxation and enjoying a little time, away from the humdrum of the city. The Central Park is the home to many migratory and native birds and therefore this place is a paradise for bird watchers and bird lovers.
Art and Crafts of Jaipur
Most of the rulers who had established their rule in Jaipur, had been fond of art, culture and also crafts. Therefore, these rulers have always patronized the growth and development of culture in the city of Jaipur. Their palace was adorned with skilful craftsmen, artisans and artists, not only from India but also abroad. This proved that these rulers also welcomed the advent of modern and westernized culture in India. These communities coming from abroad established their settlement here in Jaipur and made sure that they create masterpieces to impress the rulers. Jaipur has thus become a major hub of crafts like Bandhni, block printing, zari, zardozi and gota on cloths and fabrics. These are in high demand among people all over the world. Tourists are majorly attracted to this crafted stuff as it bears the essence of cultured Rajasthan. Silver jewellery, meenakari and kundan jewelleries are also very popular along with miniature paintings, blue pottery and other leather wares as well.
Places of Worship
There are number of temples and places of worship are located in the city of Jaipur, in Rajasthan. Two of the very famous temples are the Govind Dev Ji temple which is located within the City Palace complex. Another very well-known temple is the Laxmi Narayan Mandir which is better known as the Birla Temple of Jaipur. The Govind Dev Ji temple has been dedicated to Lord Krishna. The Birla temple is located at the base of Moti Dungari Hill at an elevated ground. Both these temples are very popular not only among the localites but also tourists coming from outside.
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