Ganganagar also known as Sri Ganganagar is a planned and premeditated city Rajasthan, India located near the boundaries of Punjab and Haryana states and also on the border of Pakistan and India. Ganganagar District is situated between Longitude 72.2 to 75.3 and   Latitude 28.4 to 30.6. The entire area of Sri Ganganagar district is 1,115,466 hectares or 11,154.66 km². The city is the directorial headquarters of Ganganagar District. The place is given this name after the Maharaja of Bikaner, Shri Ganga Singh Bahadur. It is also known with two other names, Green district of Rajasthan and the food basket of Rajasthan. On the east, it is enclosed by Hanumangarh District, which was stamped out of it on 12 July, 1994, on the north by the Punjab, on the west by Bahawalnagar district of the Pakistani Punjab and on the south by Bikaner District.

Ganganagar- The district

It is situated at the point where the Sutlej river enters into Rajasthan state or the former Bikaner State.  Ganganagar is a district in Rajasthan state in India and has six sub-divisions and seven Panchayat Samitis. It has nine tehsils which includes Padampur, Anoopgarh, Shri Ganganagar, Raisinghnagar, Sooratgarh, Shri Vijay Nagar, Gharsana, Sudushahar and Shri Karanpur. In the district, human population has occupied around 2839 villages and in total it has almost 320 Gram Panchayats and 10 towns.

History of Ganganagar

In earlier times Sri Ganganagar was a division of the Bikaner District, which was established in the year 1488 by Rao Bika. Afterwards, Maharaja Jai Singh started escalating the region of Ganganagar district. A new Bikaner was established during the 15th century. Ganganagar district was separated out of Bikaner District and formed as another district on 30th March, 1949. The waters of Satluj River enter into the area by a lengthy Gang Canal (89 miles) in 1927, modelling the area into a breadbasket of Rajasthan state and changed the flora and fauna of the region.

Wealth of Ganganagar

Agriculture is the main economic activity of the Ganganagar district. Sugarcane, cotton, mustard, wheat, grams, oilseeds, grains and guar are the main harvests of the region which are cultivated over here. Horticulture is also well accepted by growers or farmers. A famous horticultural product is citrus (Kinnow) and other citrus family fruits like oranges, lemon are also produced here. In addition to this, there are a huge number of small as well as big scale sectors established which are also based on agriculture. These industries are cotton spinning and textile factories, mustard oil mills, sugar mills, cotton ginning and pressing factories, and wheat flour mills.

Language and Culture

The most common language in the Ganganagar district is Punjabi. The other most spoken language is Bagri, a dialect of the Rajasthani language. Sindhi, Hindi and Seraiki languages are also used in this district. Hindi and English are used as official languages.

Punjabi and Bagri culture are most commonly seen in the district.  Punjabi women wear simple salwar suit with dupatta and Bagri women wear a traditional dress comprised with a odhni, Ghaghara and borlo ( a piece of cloth for head). Punjabi songs and Rajasthani music is big hit in the district and loved by everyone.

Historical Gurudwara Sri Budha Johar Shahab

It is located 85 km from Ganganagar in the south-west. The large Gurudwara has a relation with  two Sikh brothers, Bhai Mehtab Singh and Sukha Singh as this was the place where they brought the head of Massa Rangarh who was responsible for disrespect of the Amritsar Golden Temple and on August 11, 1740 they hung it on a tree. The head is now kept in Glass case. The best time to visit this place is Oct and Nov.

Thermal Power Plant

It is Rajasthan’s primary thermal power plant. It is located in Suratgarh and is an electricity generation plant that is maintained by the Rajasthan Rajya Vidhyut Utpadan Nigam Limited. This power station is effectively controlling the pollution and retaining the equilibrium of atmospheric emissions in the surroundings. Power station has been awarded with the Golden Shield Award by Union Ministry of Power.

Laila Majnu ki Mazar

Laila Majnu ki Mazar is an honour to the great and historic lovers, Laila and Majnu. It is assumed that the famous lovers reached to Ganganagar District after they ran away from Sindh. In this district they passed away and in their memory, the mazar was established. Every year in June month, a two day fair is held out here which is quite popular amongst newlywed couples and lovers, and they specially come to attend this fair.

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