Hauz Khas Complex Home > Delhi > Attractions > Forts And Monuments > Hauz Khas Complex

Hauz Khas Complex

Hauz Khas Complex in Hauz Khas of South Delhi houses an Islamic seminary, a water tank, a mosque, madrasa, a tomb and pavilions that are built around an urbanized village. Its medieval history is traced to Delhi Sultanate reign’s 13th century. The name Hauz Khas in Farsi comes from the words Hauz, which means a water tank or lake and the Khas, which means royal- the Royal tank.

Firoz Shah was an enlightened ruler and he ruled from the city Firozabad, which is currently known as Firoz Shah Kotla. It is the fifth city of Delhi. This remarkable ruler was known for his sharp sense of historical precedent, the strength of monumental architecture and dynastic legitimacy statements. Construction of many new monuments, palaces and mosques undergoes his credit. They are constructed in most innovative architectural styles and irrigation works. At Hauz Khas, Feruz Shah raised eclectic monuments on the eastern and southern banks of the reservoir.

In the metropolis of South Delhi, an upper class residential cum commercial area was developed backed by studded domed tombs of Muslim royalty of Hauz Khas Village from the 1980s. At present day, it is relatively an expensive tourist and commercial area with several art galleries, hi-fashioned boutiques and restaurants. A sound and light show narrating the history of the complex is organized in the evenings by the Tourism Department. Swans and ducks are the attractions at Hauz Khas Lake being a major part of the visitors’ attraction. Most of the animals and birds are seen in the gardens here and most of the people visit because of all these features and exquisite beauty of the place. Heritage walks are regularly organized by The Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH), which is a non–profit organization that was set up in 1984 with a motive of highlighting the heritage status of the places. Every year, these walks are organized during the week end as per publicized schedule.



In Delhi Sultanate, Madrasa evolved as one of the leading institutes of Islamic learning and was established in 1352. It was considered to be the best equipped and largest Islamic seminary all over the world. It constituted of three prime Madrasa's in Delhi during the time of Firoz Shah and the Firoz Shahi madrasa at Hauz Khas was one of them. After Baghdad was sacked, Delhi became the prime place in terms of Islamic education and emerged as the most important place. The structure of madrasa has quite an innovative design and was built in L-Shape being a contiguous structure on the eastern and southern edges of the reservoir complex.                  


The reservoir flanks the madrasa by a garden on its southern front that is located on the second floor and lake on its northern front. The garden houses of total of six impressive pavilions. These are with domes are in various shapes and sizes including octagonal, hexagonal and rectangular. Based on these shapes, inscriptions have been inferred to be graves. The court yard and the pavilions are conjectured as part of the madrasa to be used in the past. The courtyard ruins with a rectangular plan lie on the west of these three pavilions that are built of double columns.


A small mosque is secures on the northern end of the madrasa. The qibla of the Mosque is projected towards the reservoir with C shaped layout of double row pillars built on a heightened podium forming the prayer hall open to the sky. This qibla wall is a clear sight from the reservoir side having five   mihrabs. The setting of the avant–garden of central mihrab has a domed chhatri whose open sides are viewed in the form of a pavilion that projects into the reservoir.

Firoz Shah Tomb

After being ascended by a throne in 1351, Firoz Shah established a tomb in his middle age and began to get regarded as the third ruler of the Tuglaq dynasty. He ruled this place till 1388 and was considered to be well liked ruler. He had a Hindu wife and at the age of ninety Feroz Shah died due to infirmities that were caused by three years of severe illness between 1385 and 1388. All of these interesting facts are featured on the tomb’s northern and southern sides considering typical Tuglaq period layout. These are the ceremonial steps at the ground level connecting to the larger steps that leads to the reservoir. On the inside of the tomb, are the four graves; one of Feroz Shah and other two of his son and grandson.

How to Reach

By Air

The closest airport to Hauz Khas Village is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi which is 10 KM away from Hauz Khas Village.

By Rail

The closest railway station to Hauz Khas Village is the Nizamuddin Railway Station Junction which is 6 KM away from Hauz Khas Village.

By Road

The roads to Hauz Khas Village are well connected with the highways and are regularly maintained. There are many cab services available from outside the railway station and airport. They provide both prepaid as well as the postpaid facilities. Also the state tourism have special programs of sightseeing through which visitors can easily visit all places in one go. If the travelers opt for a private cab, it guarantees traveling flexibility and convenience; drivers being well acquainted to different roads and places. 

Related Image


Related Topics

Humayuns Tomb

The Humayun tomb belongs to the tomb of Mughal ruler Humayun. Haji Begum (Bega Begum), the 1st wife of Humayun commissioned....

Jantar Mantar

The word Jantar Mantar has derived from root “yantra” and “mantra”, where “yantra....

Old Fort

The Old Fort or Purana Qila represents the glory and wars...

Safdarjung Tomb

Safdarjung’s Tomb is known to be...