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Dhasan River

The right bank tributary of Betwa River is named as Dhasan River. The source of the river initiates from Begumganj tehsil of Raisen district in Madhya Pradesh province of central India. The southeastern boundary of Lalitpur district of Uttar Pradesh state is shaped by the river. Dhasan River is a watercourse which is placed at an elevation of 127meters above sea level. The River has a length of 365 km out of which about 240 km lies in Madhya Pradesh, the common boundary between Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh is 54km and 71km in Uttar Pradesh. This is how the river is scattered on the ground. Dasharna is another figure of the river in the ancient period. Lehchura dam is one dam which is built on the river which is 2km from Harpalpur railway station. The river is believed as a holy river by the people who reside in the nearby small towns.


Dashama is the text mentioned in the ancient for the river Dhasan and is regarded as a holy river. The primary source of Dhasan River from its origin called Betwa River is referred in the epic Mahabharata. Since the river is the major root of agriculture for Bundelkand region they depend on canal irrigation system. It was in 1910, where a canal was established across the river in Jhansi at Lachura. The same Jhansi district holds another dam. The Pahari dam is one which helps in irrigation for the countries in the Hamirpur district. The Pahari weir is one which enhancements the reservoir in Lachura. The Dhasan canal is one which is formulated after diverting the water from the rivers which helps in irrigation in the areas called Bundelkand.


The Dhasan River is 365km long and is a tributary of River Betwa. The river grows from the district of Raisen and outlines the plateau of Bundelkand. Prior merging with Betwa, the river navigates all through the area of Bundelkand. The river goes through the districts of Raisen, Sagar, and Tikamgarh in Madhya Pradesh and Lalitpur, Mahoba and Hamirpur in Uttar Pradesh. Ahead the river takes its route to Uttar Pradesh, the river flows over the easterly boundary of Tikamgarh where it results in forming a margin with the district called Chhatarpur. When discoursed about the stream of the river inside the district Dhasan River flows towards the north east. The flow of water is ample and contributes about 75% of water essential to the territory. The southward flow of Dhasan River forms the southeast boundary of Lalitpur district in Uttar Pradesh and also divides it from Tikamgarh in Madhya Pradesh. The Lalitpur district, especially the south eastern side lies in the watershed area of the river. Dhasan River also holds the fame for forming a component of the Yamuna sub - catchment area which adds to a total floor area of 8291 sq. Km out of the entire area of nearly 142250sq km in the state of Madhya Pradesh. Thither are many minor rivers and streams which come together with Dhasan.  A few of such small rivers and streams are Rohini, Keolari, Gunchi Nala, Lakheri, and Saprar. Thither are many dams which have been made for the use of irrigation. A few models of dams are the Majhgawan dam of Gunchi Nala and Keolari dam on the Keolari River in Mahoba district of Uttar Pradesh. The Siaori River if formed from the Lakheri River in the district Jhansi. The river is chiefly utilized for irrigation; in the same manner surplus water is obtained from Kamlasagar dam which has enhanced irrigation. The Lakheri dam on Lakheri River is another dam, which is set in the district Jhansi and offers irrigation for 1980 hectares on 9.2kilometer long channel.


There are many tributaries in the Dhasan River let’s run through a few of them.


Rohini tributary has its origin in the Mandwara block of Lalitpur district, which joins Dhasan River in the same stop. Rohini dam is another important dam, which is built on this tributary for irrigation use. The dam was built in the year 1984 and irrigates about 3302 hectares of area in Lalitpur. The other beneficial factor is that it also supplies drinking water for the masses.


The Keolari tributary of Dhasan River flows through Mahoba district of Uttar Pradesh. 14390 hectares of soil is being irrigated by the dam built on this feeder.

Religious Significance

Hindus respect Dhasan River as a holy river and likewise a tradition, culture and more. They also think it’s holy to take a dip in the river to purify an individual from all sins; they consider the river as very pure and worship it as a goddess.

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