Gurudwara is a sikh temple or shrine and is considered a place of worhip for not just the Sikhs but for people of other religion or faith, as well. It is also considered a social institution.
Delhi, in the meantime is known for several popular Gurudwaras giving off thefeeling of prosperity of the community of Sikhs. It is believed that some 5 sikhs gurus have visited Delhi, from the late 1400s. It was also established as the place of political power of the Sikh for the first 300 years.
The nine Gurudwaras located in Delhi are managed by the Delhi Sikh Gurudwara Management Committee. People of all faith visit these gurudwaras.
Being close to Punjab, there is sikh influence in life of Delhi. Even if the population of Sikhs are less in Delhi, they form the backbone of the trade in the city. Sikh faith was founded by Guru Nanak. Two dharamsals were also set up at this time.
The Dilwali (abbreviated from the Dilliwali) Sangat, a community of Sikhs used to reside at the Kucha Dilwali Singhan, close to the Ajmeri Gate, since the middle of the 17th century. It is believed that Mata Sundari and Mata Sahib Devan inhabited with the sangat for years, before shifting to Mathura in 1725.
Gurudwara Nanak Piau
The Gurdwara located to the north of Sabzi Mandi along the Grand Trunk Road is the Gurudwara Nanak Piau. Belief is that Guru Nanak came here close to a well first and distributed water from that well to travelers. Meaning of Piau is said to be a stand where water was given to the thristy. For this reason the name Nanak Piau. The Gurudwara was functional for a long time and is considered as a place of worship.
Gurudwara Majnu Tilla
Situated on the riverside of Yamuna near Chandraval Village, the Gurudwara is known as Gurudwara Majnu Tilla. During the times of Guru Nanak, it is believed an ascetic of muslim faith resided there.
Longing to see God, the ascetic had a lean body and came to be known as Majnu, based on a Persian folklore character. Guru Nanak led him to the path of unbiased devotion to god other than to indulge in repudiation.
Gurudwara Sis Ganj
At Chandni Chowk, near the main Railway station in Delhi, is the monument to the martryrdom of Guru Teg Bahadur, known as Gurudwara Sis Ganj. It is believed that he gave life to guard the religious symbols of the hindus, according to the words of Guru Gobind Singh. He was beheaded publically. Later the Gurudwara came up, set up in 1783 by Sardar Bhagel Singh of Karorsinghian Misl, which was later destroyed to set up a mosque by the muslim fanatics.
Gurudwara Rikab Ganj
Located near the Parliament House in New Delhi is the Gurdwara Rikab Ganj and is the place where the body of Guru Tegh Bahadur was cremated without his head. The head, meanwhile was cremated at the Anandpur Sahib. This again was set up by Sardar Baghel, the same year. Later the wall of the Gurudwara was destroyed when the British Government planned to create the new capital, New Delhi. The Sikhs threatened to commence a morcha for this offense.
Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
Placed nearby the Connaught Place in New Delhi, Gurdwara Bangla Sahib is the site of a bungalow owned by Raja Jai Singh Amber. It was here that Guru Har Kishan resided when he came down to Delhi, upon invitation by Empreror Aurangazeb. He died of small pox here.
Gurudwara Bala Sahib
Gurdwara Bala Sahib located by the south of Humayun's tomb flanked by Mathura Road and the bed of Ring Road, stands in the place where Guru Har Krishan was cremated. The Guru died after getting small pox, at the age of eight. Delhi was infected with both small pox and cholerea at the time. Guru had been attending to the patients , whichever caste or creed they belonged to. Overwhelmed with this compassionate attitude of this young guru, the muslim community of Delhi called him by the nick name, Bala Pir(Child Prophet)
Gurudwara Damdama Sahib
Near to Humayun’s tomb where Gurudwara Damdama Sahib is located in Delhi is the place where Prince Muazzam, who later become Empreror Bahadur Shah met Guru Gobind Singh. The Guru assisted the prince in his fight for the throne. This Gurudwara is a high walled compound with a pointed arch as the gateway. The Hola Mohall Festival in March is expected to be celebrated here.
Gurudwara Moti Bagh
Gurdwara Moti Bagh is placed about 5kms to the southwest of Gurudwara Rikab Ganj and is on the Ring Road. Moti Ram, a rich merchant had a garden where Guru Gobind Singh and his warriors set up camp. It is believed that the installation anniversary of Guru Granth Sahib is celebrated at this Gurdwara.
Gurudwara Mata Sundari
It is believed that Mata Sundari and Mata Sahib Devan had been living in Kucha Dilwali Singhan until 1725, and at the time following the execution of Arjit Singh, the adopted Son of Mata Sundari in June, they moved away from Delhi to Mathura for safety. However, after completing two years there, they came back to Delhi to live at a house outside Turkman Gate, some 2km away from Chandni Chowk. This is known as the Gurdwara Mata Sundari.
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