Delhi follows the same rule as any other state, in the education sector. Delhi’s education system is the three-tier model that whole of India follows. First there are primary schools, followed by secondary schools and then the tertiary level education provided by universities and other such institutions. The Delhi Government is in-charge of educational affairs of the city and its Education Department looks into the daily affairs, rules and regulations of the education sector.
Delhi can be referred to as an educational hub, for it has some of the premier educational institutions. As far as the schools go, Delhi has many reputed schools and in terms of colleges, some of the colleges in Delhi are acclaimed worldwide. At the higher educational level, there are few cities that can match Delhi. The Capital has some of the most renowned institutions in India, such as the Delhi University founded in 1922, the JNU or Jawaharlal Nehru University established in 1969 and the Jamia Millia Islamia set up in 1920.
IIT or Indian Institute of Technology, one of the most revered and reputed educational institutes in the country, has its branch in Delhi and being set up in 1959, it is also definitely one of the oldest institutions in the country. Some of the other high-ranking and famous educational institutions in Delhi include AIIMS or the All India Institute of Medical Science set up in 1956, the most-popular distance learning University, IGNOU or the Indira Gandhi National Open University established in 1985, the IIMC or the Indian Institute of Mass Communication founded in 1965 and more. NSD or the National School of Dram which is the first stop for aspiring film and theatre personalities is also situated in Delhi. NSD was set up in Delhi in 1959. For those aspiring to take up vocational courses, Delhi will prove to be a boon as many vocational institutions are spread across the city, those promise high-quality skill-education.
Delhi’s literacy rate was 86.3%, one of the highest literacy rates in the country, as per the 2011 census. Of it, the percentage of literate males stood at 91% and those of females was 80.9%.
As the first level of the tertiary-model, schools, both primary and secondary schools, have a good number in Delhi. The headquarters of secondary school national boards, such as CBSE and ICSE, are also in Delhi. One can say that the growth of the numbers of schools has been in direct proportion with the growth in population.
Some of the eminent Delhi schools are:
- Delhi public Schools
- Delhi Kendriya Vidyalay
- American Embassy School
- New Delhi Air Force School
- Air Force Bal Bharti School
- Amity International School
- Delhi Army Public School
- Adarsh Shiksha Niketan
- Bal Bharti School
- Shemrock Preschools
Delhi also has many eminent colleges that offer undergraduate and postgraduate courses in different streams. Some of the main colleges in Delhi are:
- Delhi College of Arts and Commerce
- Hansraj College
- Miranda House
- Maulane Azad Medical College
- Ramjas College
- Kirori Mal College
- Lady Shri Ram College for Women
- Gargi College
- St. Stephen's College
- Hindu College
Those who aspire to study further and take up research and doctoral studies can attend a university. The universities in Delhi are:
- Delhi University
- Jamia Millia Islamia
- Jawaharlal Nehru University
- Indraprastha University
- Indira Gandhi National Open University
Famous Education Centers in Delhi
Funded by the Government of India, DU or Delhi University is one of the premium and most popular universities in the country. A public central university, it was founded in 1922 and has been a top-ranking institution ever since. Students not only from different parts of India, but also from different corners of the world seek admission to this reputed institution. Set up as a teaching and residential university as per the Central Legislative Assembly Act, DU offers both undergraduate and postgraduate courses. It is also perhaps the only university in India, where the President of the India is the visitor. The Chancellor of the Delhi University is the Vice President of India while the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of India is the Pro-Chancellor.
Jamia Millia Islamia
Jamila Millia Islamia is one of the oldest universities in India and was founded in 1920 much before India’s independence by a group of Muslim leaders in India. Jamia and Millia are Urdu words, Jamia means University and Millia stands for national. It became a Central University in 1988 as per a Parliament Act. The visit of the king of Saudi Arabia in 2006 gave the University a boost and his donation of $30 million to the University was definitely a turning point for the institution. The donation was given to set up a library in the University.
Jawaharlal Nehru University
Named after the first Prime Minister of India and founded by his daughter, the former prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University or JNU was established with a view to make it as a premium institution that will encourage and promote research and teaching and to help maintain a higher level of engagement between students and teachers, so that they will have deliberations on academic and policy matters at national and international level. The first Vice Chancellor of the University was G. Parthasarathy.
JNU was accorded public central university status as per a Parliament Act in 1969. It has been a centre for quality education ever since its inception. A recent survey by India Today rated JNU in the second position amongst the top-quality universities in the country. NAAC or the National Assessment and Accreditation Council which rates colleges and universities as per their quality of providing education gave JNU 3.9 scores out of 4, a score that remains unbeaten. No educational institutions in the country have been able to match it so far.
Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology
IIIT or the Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology which came into existence in 2008, is fairly a young institution but within few years itself, it has earned a reputation of being a quality centre of education. In fact, AICTE or All India Council for Technical Education that is in-charge for technical education in India has given it a unique status as the Institute of National Importance. An autonomous university, IIIT was established as a State University by the IIIT Delhi Act, 2007. The Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology emphasizes on the research at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels and is one of the most popular technical institutes in the country today.
Though in the early years of its inception, IIIT was located at the NSIT (Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology or Delhi Institute of Technology) library building in Dwarka, it had its own campus at Okhla Phase-III by August 2012. Spread over 25 acres, IIIT campus is still being developed. The Phase-I was completed recently. Spread over an area of 30,000 sq.kms, the campus boasts of several facilities including eight research centres, many lecture halls with a capacity of over 500 students, separate hostels for boys and girls, a Faculty block that can house more than 50 members, a well-equipped recreation centre and so on.
Indira Gandhi National Open University
IGNOU or the Indira Gandhi National Open University named after the former prime minister of India, Indira Gandhi, was established as per a special Act of Parliament, the IGNOU Act 1985. A budget of 20 billion rupees was allocated for the University. IGNOU was set up as a distance learning national university with a view to make education accessible to those who for various reasons may not be able to attend regular colleges and universities. The Government of India is in-charge of the University.
Apart from its success as an Open University that caters to the disadvantaged sections in the country and taking higher education to all nooks and corners of India, IGNOU has also been undertaking research activities and also extending various forms of training, in addition to maintaining the high standards of education in distance learning as well. The courses by IGNOU are recognized all over India. Being a resources centre for distance learning, IGNOU also hosts many symposiums that aim at promoting and increasing the standards of distance learning, some of it are SACODiL (Secretariats of the SAARC Consortium on Open and Distance Learning), GMUNET (the Global Mega Universities Network), among others.
Today, IGNOU not only has achieved a benchmark in distance education, it is also a trusted institution as its student population today stands at 4,000,000, with the numbers increasing day by day.
Delhi Technological University
The first ever engineering college of Delhi, Delhi Technological University was earlier known as Delhi College of Engineering or DCE and was founded as early as 1941, initially as a Delhi Polytechnic. Since then, the institute has seen many changes, first under the Central Government, later it came under the National Capital Territory of Delhi in 1963. The Delhi Technological University was a part of the University of Delhi from 1952 to 2009. It was given its present name after it became a state university in 2009.
Though it offers both undergraduate and postgraduate courses in engineering such as BE and B.Tech and ME, being Bachelor of Engineering, Bachelor of Technology and Master of Engineering respectively, the foremost emphasis of the University has always been research-based education, promoting scientific and technological education. The University also offers Ph.D, M.Sc and MBA courses.
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
IIT or Indian Institute of Technology is one of the most prestigious engineering institutes in India. IIT is a brand by itself with students from all over India and abroad vying for admission. Only the best in the country gets to study at IIT, that’s the popular belief and it’s true! IIT Delhi or IITD campus is located in Hauz Khas and is spread over 325 acres. The world famous monuments, Qutub Minar and Lotus Temple, are located just adjacent to it. Since Hauz Khas is an area of educational importance, other famous institutes also are situated near the IITD campus. Some of them are ISI or Indian Statistical Institute, AIIMS or All India Institute of Medical Sciences and JNU or Jawaharlal Nehru University. Even NCERT, the National Council of Educational Research and Training, is located close by.
Top Schools in Delhi
Delhi Public School
DPS or Delhi Public School was first set up in 1949, with a view to promote quality school education. Founded by a team of visionaries, DPS was established as a result of the post independence vision and enthusiasm, qualities that are still a part of DPS. It is located at Mathura Road and this has been its campus ever since its inception. Today, DPS has branches across the country, offering high quality education to its students with a view to develop them into well-rounded personalities. DPS boasts of many achievers who have made their mark in different fields, from politics to arts in its list of alumni.
Amity International School
Affiliated to the CBSE or Central Board of Secondary Education, Amity International School has many branches both in New Delhi and NCR or National Capital Region of Delhi. The founder of the institutions is Dr. Ashok Chauhan and the school is established under the Ritnand Balved Education Foundation, abbreviated as RBEF. Amity Institutions are also from the same family of institutions. Amity schools function under the chairpersonship of Dr. Mrs. Amita Chauhan.
Kendriya Vidyalayas in Delhi
Kendriya Vidyalayas are a part of the Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan or KVS, founded in 1977, to impart all-round quality education to young children. KVS was formed as per a recommendation in the Second Pay Commission and was set up as an independent body under the Education Ministry of the Indian Government. There are many Kendriya Vidyalayas all around India. In Delhi alone, there are around 75 KVs.
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