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Flora And Fauna Of Punjab

The plains in the state of Punjab do not have any thick forests, the only available patches are of grass, small bush and shrubs. In the southern east part of state of Punjab and the areas of Hoshiarpur and Multan, the delicious mango fruit is grown. The other varieties of fruits that are grown in abundance here are orange, apple, fig, quince, almond, pomegranate, peach, mulberry, apricot and plum. The region that has major cultivation of rich flora and fauna can be majorly seen in the Shivalik ranges in the state of Punjab. Due to rich flora and fauna in the Shivalik region, it has been also termed as the zone of micro-endemic in India. The variety of angiosperms in the area includes 355 different types of herbs, trees of 70 different types; shrubs all in big and small sizes are of 70 different kinds, climbers of 19 different types can also be seen while 21 different types of twines can also be seen here. Other than angiosperms, other varieties available are 31 kinds of pteridophytes, bryophytes of 27 different kinds while a special species of gymnosperms named as Pinus Roxburghii can be seen in the ranges in state of Punjab. The fauna of the area is also rich that has birds of 396 different types, Lepidoptera is of 214 different kinds, 55 varieties of fish species can also be seen, reptiles of 20 different types are also available and mammals of 19 different kinds can be seen in these ranges. The state of Punjab is adored with large wetland area, number of bird sanctuaries that houses different varieties of numerous species of birds and a large number of zoological parks. Few of them to be named are wetland named as National wetland Hari-Ke-Pattan, the wetland of Kanjli, the wetlands of Kapurthala Sutlej, the number of wildlife sanctuaries include the Harika wildlife in district of Tarn Taran Sahib, Zoological Park in Ropar, Chhatbir Bansar Garden located in Sangrur Aam Khas Bagh situated in Sirhind, Amritsar’s famous Ram Bagh, Shalimar Garden in Kapurthala and the famous Baradari Garden in city of Patiala.

Animals and Birds in Punjab

Few of the local rivers in Punjab also have the dangerous species of Crocodiles. The extraction of silk from silkworms is also another industry that flourishes in the state. Production of bee honey is also done in some parts of Punjab. The southern plains in Punjab is desert land hence camel can also be seen. Buffaloes can be seen grazing around the banks of river. The north eastern part has animals like horses. The desert area also has dangerous species of snakes like cobra and sangehur. The wild life sanctuaries have species of wild animals like otter, wild boar, wildcat, fruit bat, hog deer, flying fox, squirrel and mongoose.

Baaz also known as the Eastern Goshawk and Blackbuck known as Antilope cervicapra are the state bird and state animal of Punjab respectively. The Shisham known as Dalbergia Sissoo is the state tree of state of Punjab.

The natural formed forests can be seen in the Shivalik ranges of Punjab area in the districts like Ropar, Gurdaspur and Hoshiarpur. Patiala has the Bir forest while wetlands area in state of Punjab has the famous Mand forest.

There are a number of botanical gardens spread in various areas of Punjab. There is also a zoological park and a tiger safari park. There are a total of 3 parks dedicated to deer.

Agriculture in Punjab

Punjab is a land of agriculture. There are number of medical plants spread in the entire state. Many self driven business of pickle, juices of amla, shivlingi, lassora, hara etc are operated by local women.

Medicine in Punjab

The other industry that is popular in the state of Punjab is processing raw materials to produce medicines and herbal products into an end product like pills, capsules, tea and creams etc. that are further sent for sale in the entire country to various health stores, medical shops and at pharmacists. The herbal products made prepared using leaves, roots, seeds, flowers, fruits, stem etc to produce the end products like tea, lotions, powder, tinctures etc.

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