Punjab’s Monuments truly manifests the courageous, gracious, bright and beautiful feeling of this state. Punjab, successfully, have retained the ethnic and plush architecture by its old and important buildings or constructions. These structures are also associated with an appealing desire of the past years. Gurudwaras and other holy places, for worshipping, are also there in Punjab. For example, Punjab’s pride is considered to be the Golden Temple. Apart from this, other famous monuments in Punjab are Old Motibagh Palace, Durgiana Mandir, Sheesh Mahal, Moorish Mosque, Fort Museum, Sainik School of Kapurthala, Bhatinda Fort, among others. These monuments are among the leading attractions of tourists that are visiting here. One of the main historic monuments of the state is the Divan Khana or also the Darball Hall.
There are also ancient monuments in Chandigarh, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Bhatinda, Ludhiana and other cities. The amazing architecture of these monuments is a remarkable feature. The empyreal past of Punjab is portrayed by the lush sculptures, valuable stucco work, walls decorated with a mix of Indo- Western and Islamic civilization. The royal lifestyle of those families is rendered by the Punjab’s palaces and fortresses. The Punjab’s government has inherited these historic structures so as the value of these monuments must be retained.
The famous Punjab’s monuments located in different areas are as follows-
Durgiana Mandir and also the famous Golden Temple are there in Amritsar. Apart from being quite popular, these monuments also show the valuable past of Amritsar. The European as well as the Islamic places here are of some importance to the shrines of Sikhs. The officers of France funded the construction of Govindgarh Fort here in 1809. There are a lot of institutions run by missionaries in Amritsar, such as the St Paul’s Anglican Church and the Roman Catholic Church.
There are some amusing historic monuments and structures in the famous city-Patiala. Among the significant lodgings of Asia, the 19th century’s Old Motibagh Palace too exists here. It is a fusion of Mughal style and Rajput style architecture. Dining- rooms, that are approximately 15 in number, and also a large saloon, are there in the palace. This palace is now converted in a museum. The popular Sheesh Mahal, which is also known as the Hall of Mirrors, is there in the palace. King Edward Memorial Hospital, also the Fort Museum, and the Temple of Mahakali and Rajeshwari, among others, are the various old monuments of the city.
There are also some impressive monuments in Kapurthala, other famous city of Punjab. Among the popular monuments of Kapurthala, Sainik School is one of them and it was initially termed as Jagatjit Palace. M. Marcel, the architect from France, was behind its design. Sainik School’s started building in 1900 and it got over in 1908. Kanwar Bikrama Singh constructed other famous monument here, known as Elysee palace or also, Jalaukhana. Another brilliant monument is the Moorish Mosque in Kapurthala. This plush mosque was built in 13 years. The Archaeological Survey of India regarded this mosque as National Monument of India. Other popular buildings in Kapurthala are Panch Mandir, i.e. Five Temples, State Gurudwaras, etc.
Le Corbusier designed many of the buildings of the Punjab’s capital - Chandigarh. Le Corbusier designed the amazing buildings in Chandigarh portraying contemporary architecture of International value and these include Governor`s Palace, Secretariat, Museum, Assembly and the High Court. The Open Hand Chandigarh`s Emblem is a much astonishing monument in Chandigarh. Its design is similar to a huge hand of metal, in open position. It symbolizes harmony and serenity amongst humans. It signifies the saying ‘Give Openly, Receive Openly’. This Emblem’s height from ground is 85 feet. Three Indian flag’s colors cover the hand’s surface and the wind’s direction is also symbolized by it. Memorial of Martyrs is there, which was established in honor of the people who suffered during the partition of Punjab. Chandigarh’s other interesting monuments include the Geometric Hill and also the Tower of Shadows.
The district of Jalandhar connects us to the time when Alexander, the Great invaded India. Today, just two historic tanks are left here which proves the possibility of the life of Aryans there. Ghazni’s Ibrahim Shah occupied it and then later on, during the Empire of Mughals, this town was considered quite important. Sheikh Karam Bakhsh constructed the Caravanserai in 1857 and it was a noticeable monument. In Punjab, a town namely Kalanaur, is there and here Akbar got the news of the death of his father and then he rose up to the royal musnud. He became the ruler here and it is signified by a striking monument. This town flourished between 14th and 16th century. An attractive monument of Jalandhar is the Jhulna Mahal - a wall with an arch, and it is curiously 40 feet in length and its height is 10 feet.
The history of Punjab, at various past periods, is truly reflected by its monuments. Various Punjab’s cities have various past related to them, which is depicted by the lush, striking and impressive monuments here.
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