The magnificent city of Chandigarh has a fabulous history as a city was the vision of our first Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. The grand city was designed by popular French architect Le Corbusier. The city reflects the modern architecture of 20th century.
The name of city is adopted from the temple called "Chandi Mandir" which is situated in the vicinity the city. The goddess ‘Chandi’ is the symbol of power. There is a famous fort, locally known is garh, from which the city was named Chandigarh.
The city has beautiful ancient, pre-historic and medieval past, which has given us a beautiful modern era. It was well known as Harappa, which was about 8000 years ago. Chandigarh is the capital of Punjab, which was approved in March 1948. The city is a witness of many refugees after freedom, who settled here after the partition.
Attractions of Chandigarh
Chandigarh is a more popular tourist attraction for its modern architecture, breathtaking landscapes, unlike the ancient monuments. The cycle rickshaws in the city will take you up and down the roads, which is an experience in itself. The most popular tourist attractions are Rock Garden and Capitol Complex.
Sector 17 is very popular as a hangout place for youngsters. This sector provides upgraded shopping malls of the city. There are beautiful sculptures, fountains, clean and wide roads to roam around. The roads are lined with beautiful green trees which provides cool breeze. It is a paradise for pedestrians and shoppers.
Rock Garden in Sector 1 is an exclusive attraction as Chandigarh. The city is also known for its artistic galleries created out of urban and industrial wastes. The raw supplies are shaped into beautiful images of human beings and animals and even trees. The garden was established by Nek Chand in 1957.
The rock garden is located between Sukhna Lake and Capitol Complex, which are also worth watching.
Open hand located in sector 1 has very popular monuments of the city. As the name suggests, the open hand is a giant hand about 14 meters high rotates around depending on wind speed showing the direction of wind. It is a city emblem.
Capitol Complex in sector 1 houses the Government seat.
Leisure Valley, Sector 1 planned by Le Corbusier has green landscape with gardens and parks. It is the most popular tourist attraction. It consists of Bougainvillea garden which is in Sector 3. There is an amazing garden of roses present in Sector 16.
Zakir Rose Garden
Zakir Rose Garden, Sector 16 is also worth visiting. The Garden is known after previous President Dr. Zakir Hussain.
Rose Garden also consists of most beautiful and distinctive rose species.
Culture of Chandigarh
The city is rich in its culture and tradition. The city shows different types of cultures living with each other as one. The city has important central Government organizations, nationalized banks and research institutions, which has brought people from all corners of India. There are important organizations of army and Air force in this city. Therefore, multicultural blend is seen in this city.
Accommodation in Chandigarh
Chandigarh is more known as a modern city with many choices for tourists. There are attractive luxurious hotels with grand facilities. Also for budget tourists you will find clean and comfortable lodges and hotels at very economical rates.
What to Buy in Chandigarh
- The city is a heaven for shopper. The city has best markets for traditional handicrafts and handlooms. The city roads are very well divided into different sectors. There is a huge plethora of shopping malls, shops and retail shops.
- Light weight and warm blankets and winter wears are available at never before prices.
- You will get Patiala salwars and traditional artifacts at great prices.
- There is a popular mall in sector 17, where you will get from modern to traditional items along with great foot, everything under one roof.
- If you want to go for street shopping then sector 22 is the best place to wander around.
What to Eat and Drink in Chandigarh
Most popular and traditional dish is Sarso ka Saag, Dal Makhani, Choley and Bhatura, Punj Ratani Dal, and delicacies of paneer.
Non Vegetarian Dishes
Butter Chicken, Tandoori Chicken, Bhuna Ghosht, Kebab, Amritsari Fish and many more.
Bread & Flour Delicacies
Naan, Roti, Tandoori, Kulcha, Phulka, Lachha Paratha, or Chapatti, Mooli Paratha, Aloo Paratha Poori, and Bhatura
Roh Di Kheer prepared from sugarcane juice. Other than this, there are baalushahi, malpua, jalebi and malpua.
Climatic Conditions of Chandigarh
- Winters (November to February) are very cold with temperature between 7 °C to 20 °C, and it goes down up to 2 °C to 5 °C. Frost is a frequent event during winters.
- Summers (March to May) are hot and temperatures go up to 35 °C to 42 °C. It can reach up to 45 °C. It is better to avoid this time.
- Monsoons (June to August) are muggy, humid and sometimes cool. The temperature is less.
- Autumn (September and October) has a temperature between 13 °C to 36 °C, which is pleasant.
Best Time to Visit
The city is September to March as the temperature is great, neither hot nor very cold. June to August is gorgeous with release from the hot climate and best for short trips.
How to Reach
Road travel is excellent. There are major highways which are Ambala-Kinnaur 21 and Chandigarh-Leh 22, that provides a common way to connecting the city with different states. There are many pilgrimage spots around the city. There are many air-conditioned, deluxe and semi-deluxe buses available.
The trains are best way to commute. The trains like Himalayan Queen and Shatabdi Express connect Chandigarh to Delhi.
It is very comfortable to travel the city from Leh, Amritsar, and Delhi. The airport is situated just 12 km from city center.
Also Browse Following Under This Section
The word "Punjab" is composed of two Persian words, 'Panj' meaning five and 'Aab' which means water. The invigorating ....
As far as infrastructure and per capita income is concerned, Punjab ranks among the top most Indian states. The hosiery ....