Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh, India
- Founded By
Rulers of Chandela Empire
- Founded In
Between 950 and 1050
UNESCO World Heritage Site
- Architectural Style
Nagara Architectural Style
Khajuraho is a serene village located in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. It was a capital of Chandela in erstwhile times. Today, this quiet village is metamorphosing in a tourist town because of the presence of ancient caves. With a population of about 12,000 people, this small hamlet has been attracting a large number of tourists from India as well as abroad. In past two decades, this site has gained enormous popularity. Temples are still in a perfect preserved condition as they have not been destroyed by invaders unlike Northern India.
In 1838, erotic sculptures in this tiny village came into limelight. This brought this small hamlet onto international tourist map. On love’s greatest treatise, these sculptures were considered to be physical embodiments that are in the form of Kama Sutra. The name of this hamlet, Khajuraho is derived from the word, “Khajur” meaning Date Palm.
The history of this place dates back to a long way. It is believed that Bargujar Rajputs moved from central India to eastward. They ruled over Rajasthan’s Northeastern region referred to as Dhundha. In ancient times, it was also known as Dhundhela or Dhundhela. Later they were named as Chandelas. These people belonged to a ruling class with a Gotra Kashyap. They were all Bargujars and the zenith of their rule, these major monuments were built.
Khajuraho was considered as Chandel Rajput’s cultural capital. These rajputs belonged to Hindu dynasty. They ruled this part of the country for about 10-12 centuries. Kalinjar was Chandelas political capital. Over a period of 200 years, the temples of Khajurahos were built from 950-1150. After some time, capital of Chandela was moved to Mahoba, yet Khajuraho continued to flourish. Since Chandel Kings never lived in this cultural capital hence there are no forts at this destination.
A wall was constructed to enclose this area with 8 originates and each gate was flanked by two palm trees made up of gold. 80 temples of Hindus were originally constructed in this destination; today only 25 temples are standing erect here. These temples are reasonably preserved and are scattered in an about 20 sq kms area. Chandella artisans crafted these erotic sculptures and locals maintain these temples. In post 19th century, the attention of English was focused to these temples and sculptures. These temples are an epitome of excellent architectural style of India and these have gained immense popularity because of their vivid description of medieval times’ sexual life.
In the state of Madhya Pradesh, a small town Khajuraho is located. It is a part of Chattarpur District which is situated about 385 miles or 620 kms from Delhi’s southeast.
Khajuraho holds a Khajuraho Dance festival every year that showcases the culture and traditions of India. This festival is truly a feast for eyes. Various forms of classical dance are displayed here. As winter gradually fades away and springs takes over, the time for this festival arrives.
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