Home > List Of World Heritage Sites In India > Manas Wild Life Sanctuary

Manas Wild Life Sanctuary

  • Area

519.77 square km

  • Altitude

70 meters

  • Temperature

Summer- Max.35, Min.18; Winter- Max.24, Min.7

  • Rainfall

410 cm

  • Best Season

November to April

  • Closed Season

July to September


Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is a continuation of the Royal Manas National Park, Bhutan. Situated at the foothills of Himalayas, the Park inhabits several endangered and rare endemic wild animals like Hispid Hare, Assam Roofed Turtle, Pygmy Hog and Golden Langur. Manas is well known for its Wild water buffalo population.

Manas Wildlife Sanctuary credited as only tiger reserve project in the District of Assam. About 176 km distance from Guwahati, located at the Bhutan foothills is the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary in the District of Barpeta. The Sanctuary is one among our country’s amazing national park which is also credited as World heritage site. The Park is located on Manas river bank at the Himalayan foothills. It is spread over an area of 519.77 sq. km with beautiful surroundings than that of the Kaziranga. Decorated with a thick jungle near the Bhutan border, it acts as home to several species of wildlife. Tiger reserve in Manas is one among the wildest, dense and minimum toured wildlife sanctuaries. The Sanctuary is also well known for unique biodiversity. Manas is also known as the loveliest wilderness in our country. More than half of the sanctuary is covered by tall grass together with scattered woodand patches of Khoir, simul, sida, udal, kanchan and bohera trees.

History of sanctuary

Once upon a time, this sanctuary was a hunting ground for Royal Cooch Behar family and Gauripur Raja.

Just before the declaration of sanctuary status, the region was demarcated to 2 reserved forests namely North Kamrup Reserve Forest and Manas Reserve Forest. During October 1st, 1928, both were clubbed to form single wildlife sanctuary. During the year 1955, the area of sanctuary was augmented from 360 sq km to 391 sq km.

Created during 1973, Manas tiger reserve was declared in 1985 as UNESCO World Heritage site.

The sanctuary was declared the status of National Park during the year 1990 with the augmentation of Panbari Reserve Forest, Kokilabari Reserve Forest and Kahitama Reserve Forest.

In the year 1992, the park was recorded as World Heritage Site in Danger because of its increased poaching, and later removed from the list during 2011. In the year 2008, the sanctuary area was further increased to 950 sq km.

Attraction in sanctuary

Among the wildlife species which can get spotted in this wildlife sanctuary includes the Hispid Hare, Tigers, Golden Langur, Pigmy Hog, Indian Rhinoceros, Elephant, Asiatic Buffalo, Clouded Leopard, Leopard, Wild Boar, Himalayan Bear, Swamp Deer, Sambar, Hog Deer and many more. Several hundreds of bird species including Forktails, Riverchats (white Capped Redstars), and Cormorants, Indian Hornbill, Ruddy Shelduck and one can also spot pied Hornbill during winter season. There is also a chance to observe Otters in the river Manas. Between the months of December to March, it becomes an angler’s paradise because of river fish.

Flora and fauna in Sanctuary

Manas wildlife sanctuary inhabits wide variety of wildlife which includes golden langur, tiger, hispid hare, wild buffalo, capped langur, pigmy hog, gaur, elephant, hog deer and many more. It also acts as a home to more than 20 different birds and highly endangered animals including the Assam roofed turtle, red panda, hispid hare, pygmy hog and golden langur.

Manas Sanctuary inhabits more than 380 bird’s species which includes endangered species of Bengal florican. Other bird species including giant hornbills, bulbuls, jungle fowls, brahminy ducks, egrets, kalij pheasants, fishing eagles, pelicans, serpent eagles, bee-eaters and falcons.

Safaris in Sanctuary

Tourists can enjoy wildlife safari on a ride on elephant in the Manas Wildlife sanctuary which is an effective means of transport to spot the rhinos, secure and safe and also a closer view. The ride on elephant starts at Mothanguri, within the sanctuary. There is also a possibility to enjoy a ride on the boat on the river Manas to spot various animals and birds.

Best time to Visit

One can tour Manas Wildlife Sanctuary through jeep or via a ride on an elephant. The ideal time to tour the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary is between the months of November and April. Between the months of July to September, the Wildlife sanctuary is closed for visitors.

Where to Stay

It is a single day tourist spot. Visitors for the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary usually prefer accommodation in Guwahati. Also there is very little reasonable accommodation facility available in Sanctuary. The inspection bungalow managed by the government provides panoramic view of forest. Also, Mid-range night stay facility is available in Manas Jungle Camp that is situated towards the eastern region of Manas Wildlife Sanctuary. Accommodation facility is also available in few cottages. Outside the park, there is small number of private lodges.

Tips for Tourists

Cameras and video recorders are separately charged apart from the usual entry fees.

Visitors are permitted between 5.30 am to 6.30 pm.

Once upon a time, the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary was a hunting region for the royal Cooch Behar family and Gauripur Raja.

How to Reach


By Air

The closest airport is Guwahati which is located about 176 km from the Manas Wildlife sanctuary.

By Rail

Barpeta road is closest railway station located at a distance of 40 km from Mothanguri through a meter gauge line till Kolkata and Guwahati.

By Road

A good road transport is available to Barpeta from Manas and then to Guwahati

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Location Map

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