Bharatpur in the Indian state of Rajasthan
- Nearest Access
The closest railhead is Bharatpur
- Wildlife Attractions
Migratory Birds as well as Resident birds
- Best Time to Visit
anytime in the Year
- Area Covered
About 29 Sq Kms
This sanctuary is known for the thousands of birds that can be seen especially in the summers. It is home to more than 230 species of birds. It attracts many tourists especially ornithologists during the hibernal season. It is a World Heritage Site. It was also declared a protected sanctuary in the year 1971.
Keoladeo Ghana National Park of India is a man made wetland managed by man. The reserve serves many purposes like providing grazing grounds for cattle, protecting Bharatpur from floods, and was used as waterfowl hunting ground earlier. The reserve spreads over an area of 29 km (18 mi). The reserve is known as Ghana by locals. The dry grasslands, wetlands, woodlands and woodland swamps form a mosaic here. These diverse habitats have a high number of species found here. 366 bird species, 50 species of fish, 13 species of snakes, 379 floral species, 5 species of lizards, 7 amphibian species, 7 turtle species, and a huge variety of invertebrates are found here. Many migratory birds like the waterfowl migrate to this sanctuary for breeding. With the high variety of bird species including resident, migratory and water birds in the area, the Sanctuary is one of the world’s richest and best bird areas according to Sir Peter Scott. The Siberian cranes which is now extinct used to winter in this park.
The sanctuary formed 250 years ago, was named after a Keoladeo or Shiva temple in its premises. Maharaj Suraj Mal of Bharatpur (1726–1763) constructed the Ajan Bund on the confluence of Gambhir and Banganga rivers and this area of natural depression was flooded after this construction. The tradition of hunting that dates back to 1850s was carried out in this hunting ground. The famous duck shoots were organized in the honor of Viceroys during the British rule in India. In the year 1938, one such shoot was organized in which more than 4237 birds were killed by Lord Linlithgow. The birds hunted by the Governor General of India included teals and mallards.
On the 10th of March, 1982 the park was declared to be a national park. The area that was a hunting ground of Maharaja of Bharatpur since the 1850s became a bird sanctuary on 13 March 1976 and under the Wetland Convention in October 1981it also became a Ramsar site. Even though the last big shoot was organized in 1964, yet the Maharajah retained shooting rights until 1972. Under the world Heritage Convention, this park was designated as a World Heritage Site in 1985. This is the property of the Indian state of Rajasthan under the Rajasthan Forest act, as this is a forest reserve. The 1982 ban on grazing in this forest reserve let to violence and clashes between the locals and the government.
The marshy land of Bharatpur, located on the edges of the Thar Desert has a very warm climate with invariably hot summers and not so cold winters. Temperature varies from 48°C in summer months of May and June to 5°C in the winter months of December to February. Summers are invariably hot and winters are not very cold. It is advisable to carry light cotton clothes while travelling during summers and woolens to keep you warm during winters. Even though rainfall is less, yet it is sufficient.
The various migratory birds that visit this park during winters from areas such as Siberia and Central Asia are the major attractions of the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary. Several species of birds such as Cranes, Eagles, Ducks, Pelicans, Geese, Hawks, Stints, Warblers, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Shanks, Buntings, Larks, Pipits and Wagtails, etc. migrate to this sanctuary.
This area known as ‘Ghana’ or dense was covered with thick and dense tropical dry deciduous forest cover. Wherever the forest cover has been tainted dry grassland have taken its place with shrubs and medium sized trees covering much of the area except for the artificial marshes.
Jamun (Syzygium cumini), kadam (Mitragyna parvifolia) and babul (Acacia nilotica) are mostly found in the north eastern part. Babul with a little ber and kandi occupy the open lands and the scrublands are dominated by Ber and Kair.
The only woody plant Piloo (Salvadora persica) of the saline soil is also present in the park. The waterfowls get their food from the water bodies rich in vegetation.
Some of the migratory birds that visit the Keoladeo bird sanctuary each year include Cranes, Hawks, Ducks, Eagles, Warblers, Stints, Shanks, Wagtails, Pelicans, Geese, , Buntings, Wheatears, Flycatchers, Larks, Pipits etc. attract tourists from far and wide. Apart from these the migratory and resident birds, other tourist attractions of the Ghana include the government Museum of Bharatpur, Lohagarh Fort and Deeg Palace.
|Movie camera(8 mm or 16 mm)||200.00|
|Movie camera(8 mm or 16 mm ) for professional use||3000.00|
|Cinema video for commercial films||20,000.00|
|Vehicles up to barrier|
|Two wheelers (diesel/petrol)||15.00|
Apart from the entry fee, a minimal fee is also charged for still and video cameras. You can also pay and hire a bicycle in the park.
During the season, the park can be visited each day from dawn to sunset.
You can contact The Asstt. Director, Tourist Reception Center, Hotel Saras (RTDC) or the Deputy Chief Wildlife Warden, Forest Rest House for approved tourist guides.
Apart from this, Guides can also be got at the gate of the sanctuary.
If you are keen at bird watching, carry binoculars.
Patience is important for bird watching and season and timing play a key role in it.
A mini bus is also operated for your convenience by the Forest Rest House. The Dy. Chief Wildlife Warden, Forest Rest House should be contacted in order to book seats.
Well defined forest trails make movement around Keoladeo National park easy. These trails can be covered either on foot or on a bicycle. Another way of exploring the bird sanctuary is to hire a rickshaw for convenience. Morning and evening is the apt time for visiting the sanctuary. You can also hire a rickshaw and explore the bird sanctuary at ease.
Best time to Visit
Though the Bharatpur sanctuary is open for tourists throughout the year, yet the period between August-November is best for spotting resident birds and that for migratory birds is October-February. The breeding season lasts from August to October.
How to Reach
Bharatpur can be reached easily by bus, train or private cabs that run from New Delhi or Agra. Also, the Park is quite close to the local railway station and the bus stand.
the airports closest to the Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary are that of Jaipur and Delhi.
Bharatpur junction which is the nearest railway station is just 5 kms away from the sanctuary.
well constructed road connect Bharatpur to the rest of the country. Therefore, you can use your own vehicle to travel to Bharatpur as well. Also, buses leave for Bharatpur from neighboring cities of Delhi, Alwar, Mathura and Jaipur regularly.
Also Browse Following Under This Section
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- Champaner Pavagadh Archaeological Park
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus
- Churches and Convents of Goa
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- Fatehpur Sikri
- Great Living Chola Temples
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- Jantar Mantar
- Kaziranga Wild Life Sanctuary
- Keoladeo National Park
- Khajuraho Group of Monuments
- Mahabodhi Temple Complex
- Manas Wild Life Sanctuary
- Mountain Railways of India
- Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks
- Qutub Minar
- Red Fort Complex
- Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka
- Sundarbans National Park
- Sun Temple
- Taj Mahal
- Western Ghats
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