Nirmal Crafts

Main content – Found in the Nirmal town which lies in Adilabad District of AP, the Nirmal Art is acknowledged all across the state. The community of craftsmen “Nakash” lives here. They are engaged in Nirmal arts, in which pictures from the legendary Hindu epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata are painted.
These craftsmen utilize indigenous colors that are made from herbs, gums, and minerals. Now days the gold found in these paintings is extracted from herbal juices. Over the last few years, Nirmal work has evolved to cater to the new demands. Moving away from just being painters of these epics, the craftsmen now paint motifs in old Indian school style. The Moghul miniatures are crafted exquisitely on soft white wood, called Ponniki, which is strengthened with different coatings of pipeclay, fine muslin and tamarind seed paste before they are painted.

Origin of Nirmal Paintings

The evolution of this Nirmal art and craft can be traced back to old days of Kakatiya dynasty. This craft is a form of lacquered woodwork that was born in Nirmal town and since then, this art has remained an attraction through all these ages and now days it is made both in Nirmal town and Hyderabad. The motifs used are frescoes from Ellora and Ajanta and Mughal miniatures, and floral designs.

During all these years, Nirmal work has evolved to cater to the new needs. Besides the wall hangings, Nirmal craftsmen also crafted exquisite lacquered furniture, large screens, boxes, bowls, trays, toys, and pictures. Assortments of decorative and utilitarian articles are crafted in Nirmal art style.

Creation of Nirmal Paintings

The technique involves lacquering the wood surface and then painting the precise design. The conventional designs can be traced and drawn in chalk on any composition board or smoothened wood and then painted in bright and flat colors while are often touched up with gold and finally varnished.

The organic colors used are made from herbs, gums, and minerals. The gold which is found in this work is extracted from herbal juices. The Painting of mughal miniatures on white wood ponki is very attractive. As these items age, they acquire an exquisite muted glow which is simply impeccable.

Nirmal Toys

The Nirmal toys are made from extract of herbs which provides them with a golden sheen. They are generally models of human occupations, fruits, and animals. There are many similarities amid the Kondapally and Nirmal toys as they are made from the same kind of wood during their manufacturing process.
But the Kondapally toys are generally coated with plain water colors whereas the Nirmal toys are particularly embellished with oil paints. Both these kinds of toys are treated with special tamarind paste in the primary stage before they are painted.

The prominent difference amid these is that after treating, the complete Nirmal toy is covered with fabric, rather than lime blue which are used for Kondapally toys. ]

Where to Shop

  • Lepakshi Handicraft Emporium situated in Gun Foundry of Hyderabad and Minerva Complex on S.D. Road of Secunderabad.
  • Kalanjali Arts and Crafts Nampally in Hyderabad
  • The crafts museum Calcutta emporium which lies behind the lepakshi gun foundry in Hyderabad
  • Central cottage industries emporium in Minerva complex, on S.D. road in Secunderabad.
  • Cauvery Karnataka state Arts and Crafts emporium which lies in the seven hills plaza on S.D. Road Secunderabad.
  • Sheela’s Indian Handicraft specialist in Lal Bahadur Stadium in Hyderabad.

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