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Lankamalleswaram Wildlife Sanctuary

Sprawling an area of 464 square kilometers, Lanka Malleswara Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the best-maintained reserves in the South Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Located at a distance of 15 km from Cuddapah, this sanctuary is best known for its population of rare Jordan's Courser, which is on the verge of extinction. With plenty of other attractions to its credit, this wildlife sanctuary lures tourists and nature enthusiasts from across the world the year around.

History of Lanka Malleswaram Wildlife Sanctuary

Lanka Malleswara Wildlife Sanctuary is best known as a mainstay habitat of endangered and rare species of a bird called the Jerdon's Courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus). It’s typically a nocturnal bird that belongs to the courser and pratincole family endemic to the sub continent of India. The bird was first found by a surgeon and naturalist called Thomas C. Jerdon in the year 1848. The bird is found in a restricted range of the Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh. It inhabits the sparse scrub regions and forests of the Sri Lanka Malleshwaram Sanctuary where the topography and weather conditions are compatible for its existence.

Flora and Fauna of Lanka Malleswaram Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary is a treasure house of exotic varieties of flora and fauna. It boasts of some of the most exotic species of vegetation and animal life. With over 1400 plant species to its credit, the sanctuary is home to over 176 families of vegetation and living organisms.

Lanka Malleswaram is basically a verdant paradise distinguished by its thick cover of shade trees, steep inclines and slopes, deep gorges and mesmerizing valleys and picturesque waterfalls. The scenic beauty of the region is all the more enhanced with its lush flora and the presence of Red Sanders that’s an endemic type of timber growing in the region. The natural habitats of the reserve are a conglomeration of dry deciduous mixed forests and evergreen scrubs.

Numerous watch towers have been built at strategic places in the reserve to provide tourists and nature enthusiasts with unrestricted views of its flora and fauna. Some of the main species of animals and birds spotted in the Sanctuary are Spotted Deer, Sloth Bear, Chowsinghas, Wild Boars, Chitals, Panthers, Chinkaras, Sambars, Nilgais and Foxes, among many others.

The rich vegetation and extravaganza of birds, reptiles, animals and aquatic creatures have made this sanctuary a haven for visitors looking for close interactions with natural surroundings.

Best Time to Visit

Though Lanka Malleswara Wildlife Sanctuary can be visited during any time of the year, one of the best times to visit is in the months of December to February. These winter months are considered best for sightings and the weather is dry, cool and bearable. The summers in these regions of Andhra Pradesh last from March to May and the south west monsoons herald their arrival between the months of June to September. The most favorable period for visiting the sanctuary is therefore between the months of October and March.

Lanka Malleswara Wildlife Sanctuary provides plenty of accommodation facilities for visitors arriving from all parts of the country and abroad. The chief amongst them are located on the fringes of the forest. The rest houses of Siddavatam and Cuddapah are e needs and well equipped to address the needs and requirements of all tourists and wild life lovers alike.

How to Reach Lanka Malleswaram Wildlife Sanctuary


By Road

Lanka Malleswaram Wildlife Sanctuary is best accessed by road from Cudappah, which is 15 kilometers away. Various buses and State transport facilities can be availed to reach the sanctuary. However, the best way to visit it is by travelling in a taxi or your own car.

By Rail

Cudappah boasts of the nearest railway station and passengers alighting here can hire local cabs which ferry throughout the day between the city and the sanctuary –located at a distance of 15 kilometers from each other.

By Air

Tourists wishing to travel by air can reach Lanka Malleswaram Wildlife Sanctuary by booking themselves a flight to the Temple City of Tirupathi, which is the nearest Airport.

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